Laryngotracheobronchitis (ie, croup) is a viral infection of the upper respiratory tract that causes varying degrees of airway obstruction but that. Croup, also known as laryngotracheobronchitis, is a type of respiratory infection that is usually Viral croup or acute laryngotracheitis is most commonly caused by parainfluenza virus (a member of the paramyxovirus family), primarily types 1 . BENSTEAD JG. The flora of bronchial secretions with particular reference to anaerobic cocci. Lancet. Feb 4;1()ā€“ [PubMed].

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This page was last edited on 15 Decemberat Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. Retrieved 15 April Cochrane Database Syst Laryngoyracheobronchitis.

Acute Laryngotracheobronchitis in Children

Close mobile search navigation Article navigation. There is still lack of agreement about the best methods of treatment; I think, therefore, that this phase of the subject is most worthy of discussion.

Bacterial croup may be divided into laryngeal diphtheria, bacterial tracheitis, laryngotracheobronchitis, and laryngotracheobronchopneumonitis. Create a free personal account to access your subscriptions, sign up for alerts, and more. Inhalation of hot steam or humidified air is a traditional self-care treatment, but clinical studies have failed to show effectiveness laryngotracheobronchitsi [4] and currently laryngotracheobronchitiz is rarely used.


The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Many cases of croup are preventable by immunization for influenza and diphtheria. Retrieved zcute April A review of the record of this patient indicates that death was due to bronchial obstruction which was not diagnosed and relieved by bronchoscopic aspiration. The physical examination revealed mild chest wall retraction and audible stridor, but no drooling or cyanosis. On the basis of the clinical and radiographic findings, the patient was diagnosed as having an acute laryngotracheobronchitis.

The steeple sign acufe seen on an AP neck X-ray of a child with croup.

Croup – Wikipedia

Receive exclusive offers and updates from Oxford Academic. She was admitted to the hospital, and the symptoms gradually improved, after the administration of intranasal oxygen, oral dexamethasone laryngotracheobrknchitis epinephrine nebulization.

Problems playing this file? Sign in to make a comment Sign in to your personal account. For the crop of a bird, see crop anatomy. Purchase access Subscribe now. Moderate to severe croup may be improved temporarily with nebulized epinephrine.

A frontal X-ray of the neck is not routinely performed, [3] but if laryngotracheobronchits is done, it may show a characteristic narrowing of the trachea, called the steeple signbecause of the subglottic stenosis, which resembles a steeple in shape. Sign in to access your subscriptions Sign in to your personal account.


Genealogical and morphological analysis of Lusitano Purebred horses participating at international Dressage competitions. Stridor Inspiratory and expiratory stridor in a month child with croup.

The most common bacteria implicated are Staphylococcus aureusStreptococcus pneumoniaeHemophilus influenzaeand Moraxella catarrhalis.

Acute Laryngotracheobronchitis in Children

Diseases of the respiratory system Jā€” More on this topic Acute laryngotracheitis after accidental aspiration of clindamycin. Email alerts New issue alert.

Bleed, blister, and purge: Frontal neck radiograph revealed that narrowing of the subglottic airway steeple sign. Other investigations such as blood tests and viral culture are discouraged, as they may cause unnecessary agitation and thus worsen the stress on the compromised airway.

D ICD – Sign in to customize your interests Sign in to your personal account. Dose of dexamethasone in croup”.