Like other Afzelia spp., the wood of Afzelia africana is characterized by an excellent stability with little susceptibility to variations in humidity. Afzelia africana is a medium to large deciduous tree up to 40 m high. It is mostly used for its high-grade timber but has good potential to provide. Benin; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Chad; Congo; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Côte d’Ivoire; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau;.
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The high value of its wood and aafricana ability to grow in mono-specific stands make it economically interesting. It prefers moist or wet soil. In Benin it is recommended to sow only seeds with a weight of more than 2 g, resulting in more vigorous seedlings. Habit in Senegalwith foliage below. There are — — seeds per kg.
Renewable Energy96— The presence of a cyanogenic compound may afriicana the reputed toxicity of the seeds. Afzelia african a is a quick growing tree, its diameter increases by 1. World Agroforestry Centre, Kenya.
Bark decoctions and macerations are administered in the treatment of constipation, fever, vomiting, oedema, tachycardia, hypertension, bronchitis, lung complaints and bleedings during pregnancy, and as anodyne, diuretic, galactagogue and aphrodisiac. Similarly, its abundance in the Sudanian zone of Burkina Faso makes this species one of the most frequently used by cattle during the hot dry season.
The tree is valued in agroforestry systems for soil improvement because the leaves are rich in nitrogen and minerals. The seeds are being investigated for their usefulness in providing seed flour and seed oil[ ].
The branches are tortuous, more or less upright, branchlets are glabrous with lenticels. Several other flavonoids have been isolated from the wood. Important characteristics of some browse species in an agrosilvopastoral system in West Africa. In savanna regions Afzelia africana has been planted in mixtures with Gmelina arborea Roxb.
Pods flattened x x 3. Leaves Afzelia africana leaves are largely used to feed ruminants cattle, sheep afrlcana goats in the Sahelian and other semi-dry parts of Africa see Ruminants section.
Requires a sunny position, though young plants can tolerate light shade. Afzelia africana is a medium to large deciduous tree up to 40 m high. Moreover in most conditions the leaves are available during the dry season when other forages are rare Ikhimioya et al, This is often a result of regular burning of the vegetation and high predation of seedlings by animals. After planting, seedlings should be protected against browsing animals for 2—3 years, as well as against fire. Gluing usually does not cause problems.
To obtain a rapid and homogenous germination, pre-treatment of the seeds is needed. You can translate the content of this page by selecting a language in the select box.
Afzelia africana – Useful Tropical Plants
The seed aril is edible and reportedly sweet; precaution is needed because the seed has been reported to be toxic, although it is used as soup condiment in Nigeria and is rich in oil and used as thickening agent. The use of a filler is recommended to obtain smooth surfaces. Southern Forests79 2— Camels There is no literature available on the use of Afzelia africana by camels as of December The nailing and screwing properties are satisfactory, but pre-boring is recommended to avoid splitting.
In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. The taproot grows rapidly and may reach the bottom of the pot in 3—4 weeks.
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Bark ash is applied externally to treat lumbago and bark powder to wounds and swellings. Afzelia africana is a multipurpose tree suitable for use in agroforestry systems.
The heartwood is golden-brown to light red-brown, sometimes with darker veins; it is clearly demarcated from the 2 – 8cm wide band of yellow-white sapwood. Fruit ash is applied against leprosy, and as soap substitute. It seasons slowly, with a slight risk of checking or distortion; once dried it is stable in service.
The coproduct of oil extraction is a seed cake that can be fed to livestock. Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Seeds Litterature about the use of afzelia africana seeds for poultry is extremely scarce.
Datasheet Description Click on the “Nutritional aspects” tab for recommendations for ruminants, pigs, poultry, rabbits, horses, fish and crustaceans. Semi-deciduous forest and savannahs to the southern afrjcana of the Sahel.
Trees, Zimbabwe, July Madubuike, F.